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Security Modules 0.71.0Last updated in version 0.69.2

Private S3 Bucket

View SourceRelease Notes

This module can be used to create and manage an Amazon S3 bucket that enforces best practices for private access:

  • No public access: all public access is completely blocked.
  • Encryption at rest: server-side encryption is enabled, optionally with a custom KMS key.
  • Encryption in transit: the bucket can only be accessed over TLS.

How do you enable MFA Delete?

Enabling MFA Delete in your bucket adds another layer of security by requiring MFA in any request to delete a version or change the versioning state of the bucket.

The attribute mfa_delete is only used by Terraform to reflect the current state of the bucket. It is not possible to create a bucket if the mfa_delete is true, because it needs to be activated using AWS CLI or the API.

To make this change you need to use the root user of the account that owns the bucket, and MFA needs to be enabled.

Note: We do not recommend you have active access keys for the root user, so remember to delete them after you finish this.

In order to enable MFA Delete, you need to:

  1. Create access keys for the root user
  2. Configure MFA for the root user
  3. Create a bucket with mfa_delete=false.
  4. Using the root user, call the AWS CLI to enable MFA Delete. If you are using aws-vault, it is necessary to use the --no-session flag.
    aws s3api put-bucket-versioning --region <REGION> \
    --bucket <BUCKET NAME> \
    --versioning-configuration Status=Enabled,MFADelete=Enabled \
    --mfa "arn:aws:iam::<ACCOUNT ID>:mfa/root-account-mfa-device <MFA CODE>"
  5. Set mfa_delete=true in your Terraform code
  6. Remove any Lifecycle Rule that the bucket might contain (for the aws-config-bucket and cloudtrail-bucket modules, enabling mfa_delete will already disable the lifecycle rules).
  7. Run terraform apply.
  8. If there are no left S3 buckets to enable MFA Delete, delete the access keys for the root user, but NOT the MFA.

Note: If you are using aws-vault to authenticate your requests, you need to use the --no-session flag.

Using mfa-delete.sh

If you want to enable MFA Delete to all your buckets at once, you can use the script at mfa-delete-script/mfa-delete.sh. You need to use the access keys for the root user and the root MFA code.

Usage:

aws-vault exec --no-session <PROFILE> -- ./mfa-delete.sh --account-id <ACCOUNT ID>

Example:

aws-vault exec --no-session root-prod -- ./mfa-delete.sh --account-id 226486542153

Known Issues

  • An error occurred (InvalidRequest) when calling the PutBucketVersioning operation: DevPay and Mfa are mutually exclusive authorization methods: If you receive this error when running any of the commands/scripts above then you might not be authenticated as the root user or MFA may not be enabled correctly. If you are using aws-vault to authenticate your requests, you need to use the --no-session flag.

Sample Usage

main.tf

# ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# DEPLOY GRUNTWORK'S PRIVATE-S3-BUCKET MODULE
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

module "private_s_3_bucket" {

source = "git::git@github.com:gruntwork-io/terraform-aws-security.git//modules/private-s3-bucket?ref=v0.71.0"

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# REQUIRED VARIABLES
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# The canned ACL to apply. This can be 'null' if you don't want to use ACLs.
# See comment above for the list of possible ACLs. If not `null`
# bucket_ownership cannot be BucketOwnerEnforced
acl = <string>

# What to name the S3 bucket. Note that S3 bucket names must be globally
# unique across all AWS users!
name = <string>

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# OPTIONAL VARIABLES
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Sets the accelerate configuration of an existing bucket. Can be Enabled or
# Suspended.
acceleration_status = null

# The S3 bucket where access logs for this bucket should be stored. Only used
# if access_logging_enabled is true.
access_logging_bucket = null

# Set to true to enable access logging for this bucket. You can set the name
# of the bucket where access logs should be stored using the
# access_logging_bucket parameter.
access_logging_enabled = false

# A prefix (i.e., folder path) to use for all access logs stored in
# access_logging_bucket. Only used if access_logging_enabled is true.
access_logging_prefix = null

# Optional whether or not to use Amazon S3 Bucket Keys for SSE-KMS.
bucket_key_enabled = false

# Configure who will be the default owner of objects uploaded to this S3
# bucket: must be one of BucketOwnerPreferred (the bucket owner owns objects),
# ObjectWriter (the writer of each object owns that object),
# BucketOwnerEnforced [Recommended] (the bucket owner automatically owns and
# has full control over every object in the bucket), or null (don't configure
# this feature). Note that BucketOwnerEnforced disables ACLs, and ObjectWriter
# only takes effect if the object is uploaded with the
# bucket-owner-full-control canned ACL. See
# https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/dev/about-object-ownership.html
# for more info.
bucket_ownership = "BucketOwnerEnforced"

# The IAM policy to apply to this S3 bucket. You can use this to grant
# read/write access. This should be a map, where each key is a unique
# statement ID (SID), and each value is an object that contains the parameters
# defined in the comment above.
bucket_policy_statements = {}

# CORS rules to set on this S3 bucket
cors_rules = []

# When true, provision an IAM role that allows various source buckets to
# replicate to this bucket. Note that this setting should be used if you
# intend to use this bucket as a replication destination, NOT replication
# source. For configuring replication from the bucket, refer to the
# var.replication_enabled input variable.
create_replication_iam_role_to_bucket = false

# Set to false to have this module skip creating resources. This weird
# parameter exists solely because Terraform does not support conditional
# modules. Therefore, this is a hack to allow you to conditionally decide if
# the resources in this module should be created or not.
create_resources = true

# The name to use for the IAM role for replication access to this bucket. When
# null, a generic name using the bucket name will be used. Only used if
# var.create_replication_iam_role_to_bucket is true.
custom_iam_role_name_for_replication_role = null

# Set to true to enable server-side encryption for this bucket. You can
# control the algorithm using var.sse_algorithm.
enable_sse = true

# Set to true to enable versioning for this bucket. If enabled, instead of
# overriding objects, the S3 bucket will always create a new version of each
# object, so all the old values are retained.
enable_versioning = true

# If set to true, when you run 'terraform destroy', delete all objects from
# the bucket so that the bucket can be destroyed without error. Warning: these
# objects are not recoverable so only use this if you're absolutely sure you
# want to permanently delete everything!
force_destroy = false

# The ARN of the policy that is used to set the permissions boundary for the
# IAM role
iam_role_permissions_boundary = null

# Optional KMS key to use for encrypting data in the S3 bucket. If null, data
# in S3 will be encrypted using the default aws/s3 key. If provided, the key
# policy of the provided key must allow whoever is writing to this bucket to
# use that key.
kms_key_arn = null

# The lifecycle rules for this S3 bucket. These can be used to change storage
# types or delete objects based on customizable rules. This should be a map,
# where each key is a unique ID for the lifecycle rule, and each value is an
# object that contains the parameters defined in the comment above.
lifecycle_rules = {}

# Enable MFA delete for either 'Change the versioning state of your bucket' or
# 'Permanently delete an object version'. This cannot be used to toggle this
# setting but is available to allow managed buckets to reflect the state in
# AWS. Only used if enable_versioning is true. CIS v1.4 requires this variable
# to be true. If you do not wish to be CIS-compliant, you can set it to false.
mfa_delete = false

# The number of days that you want to specify for the default retention period
# for Object Locking. Only one of object_lock_days or object_lock_years can be
# configured. Only used if object_lock_enabled and
# object_lock_default_retention_enabled are true.
object_lock_days = null

# Set to true to configure a default retention period for object locks when
# Object Locking is enabled. When disabled, objects will not be protected with
# locking by default unless explicitly configured at object creation time.
# Only used if object_lock_enabled is true.
object_lock_default_retention_enabled = true

# Set to true to enable Object Locking. This prevents objects from being
# deleted for a customizable period of time. Note that this MUST be configured
# at bucket creation time - you cannot update an existing bucket to enable
# object locking unless you go through AWS support. Additionally, this is not
# reversible - once a bucket is created with object lock enabled, you cannot
# disable object locking even with this setting. Note that enabling object
# locking will automatically enable bucket versioning.
object_lock_enabled = false

# The default Object Lock retention mode you want to apply to new objects
# placed in this bucket. Valid values are GOVERNANCE and COMPLIANCE. Only used
# if object_lock_enabled and object_lock_default_retention_enabled are true.
object_lock_mode = null

# The number of years that you want to specify for the default retention
# period for Object Locking. Only one of object_lock_days or object_lock_years
# can be configured. Only used if object_lock_enabled and
# object_lock_default_retention_enabled are true.
object_lock_years = null

# Set to true to enable replication for this bucket. You can set the role to
# use for replication using the replication_role parameter and the rules for
# replication using the replication_rules parameter.
replication_enabled = false

# The ARN of the IAM role for Amazon S3 to assume when replicating objects.
# Only used if replication_enabled is set to true.
replication_role = null

# The rules for managing replication. Only used if replication_enabled is set
# to true. This should be a map, where the key is a unique ID for each
# replication rule and the value is an object of the form explained in a
# comment above.
replication_rules = {}

# List of buckets that should be allowed to replicate to this bucket. Only
# used if var.create_replication_iam_role_to_bucket is true.
replication_source_buckets = []

# Specifies who should bear the cost of Amazon S3 data transfer. Can be either
# BucketOwner or Requester. By default, the owner of the S3 bucket would incur
# the costs of any data transfer.
request_payer = null

# The server-side encryption algorithm to use. Valid values are AES256 and
# aws:kms. To disable server-side encryption, set var.enable_sse to false.
sse_algorithm = "aws:kms"

# A map of tags to apply to the S3 Bucket. The key is the tag name and the
# value is the tag value.
tags = {}

# When true, all IAM policies will be managed as dedicated policies rather
# than inline policies attached to the IAM roles. Dedicated managed policies
# are friendlier to automated policy checkers, which may scan a single
# resource for findings. As such, it is important to avoid inline policies
# when targeting compliance with various security standards.
use_managed_iam_policies = true

}


Reference

Required

aclstringrequired

The canned ACL to apply. This can be 'null' if you don't want to use ACLs. See comment above for the list of possible ACLs. If not null bucket_ownership cannot be BucketOwnerEnforced

namestringrequired

What to name the S3 bucket. Note that S3 bucket names must be globally unique across all AWS users!

Optional

acceleration_statusstringoptional

Sets the accelerate configuration of an existing bucket. Can be Enabled or Suspended.

null
access_logging_bucketstringoptional

The S3 bucket where access logs for this bucket should be stored. Only used if access_logging_enabled is true.

null

Set to true to enable access logging for this bucket. You can set the name of the bucket where access logs should be stored using the access_logging_bucket parameter.

false
access_logging_prefixstringoptional

A prefix (i.e., folder path) to use for all access logs stored in access_logging_bucket. Only used if access_logging_enabled is true.

null
bucket_key_enabledbooloptional

Optional whether or not to use Amazon S3 Bucket Keys for SSE-KMS.

false
bucket_ownershipstringoptional

Configure who will be the default owner of objects uploaded to this S3 bucket: must be one of BucketOwnerPreferred (the bucket owner owns objects), ObjectWriter (the writer of each object owns that object), BucketOwnerEnforced [Recommended] (the bucket owner automatically owns and has full control over every object in the bucket), or null (don't configure this feature). Note that BucketOwnerEnforced disables ACLs, and ObjectWriter only takes effect if the object is uploaded with the bucket-owner-full-control canned ACL. See https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/dev/about-object-ownership.html for more info.

"BucketOwnerEnforced"

The IAM policy to apply to this S3 bucket. You can use this to grant read/write access. This should be a map, where each key is a unique statement ID (SID), and each value is an object that contains the parameters defined in the comment above.

Any types represent complex values of variable type. For details, please consult `variables.tf` in the source repo.
{}
Example
   {
AllIamUsersReadAccess = {
effect = "Allow"
actions = ["s3:GetObject"]
principals = {
AWS = ["arn:aws:iam::111111111111:user/ann", "arn:aws:iam::111111111111:user/bob"]
}
condition = {
SourceVPCCheck = {
test = "StringEquals"
variable = "aws:SourceVpc"
values = ["vpc-abcd123"]
}
}
}
}

Details

Ideally, this would be a map(object({...})), but the Terraform object type constraint doesn't support optional
parameters, whereas IAM policy statements have many optional params. And we can't even use map(any), as the
Terraform map type constraint requires all values to have the same type ("shape"), but as each object in the map
may specify different optional params, this won't work either. So, sadly, we are forced to fall back to "any."

cors_rulesanyoptional

CORS rules to set on this S3 bucket

Any types represent complex values of variable type. For details, please consult `variables.tf` in the source repo.
[]
Example
   [
{
allowed_origins = ["*"]
allowed_methods = ["GET", "HEAD"]
allowed_headers = ["x-amz-*"]
expose_headers = ["Etag"]
max_age_seconds = 3000
}
]

Details

The objects that can define the following properties:

- allowed_origins list(string) (required): The origins that you want to allow cross-domain requests from.
- allowed_methods list(string) (required): From the set of GET, PUT, POST, DELETE, HEAD
- allowed_headers list(string) (optional): The AllowedHeader element specifies which headers are allowed in a preflight request through the Access-Control-Request-Headers header.
- expose_headers list(string) (optional): Each ExposeHeader element identifies a header in the response that you want customers to be able to access from their applications.
- max_age_seconds number (optional): The MaxAgeSeconds element specifies the time in seconds that your browser can cache the response for a preflight request as identified by the resource, the HTTP method, and the origin.

Details

Ideally, this would be a list(object({...})), but the Terraform object type constraint doesn't support optional
parameters, whereas replication rules have many optional params. And we can't even use list(any), as the Terraform
list type constraint requires all values to have the same type ("shape"), but as each object in the list may specify
different optional params, this won't work either. So, sadly, we are forced to fall back to "any."

When true, provision an IAM role that allows various source buckets to replicate to this bucket. Note that this setting should be used if you intend to use this bucket as a replication destination, NOT replication source. For configuring replication from the bucket, refer to the replication_enabled input variable.

false
create_resourcesbooloptional

Set to false to have this module skip creating resources. This weird parameter exists solely because Terraform does not support conditional modules. Therefore, this is a hack to allow you to conditionally decide if the resources in this module should be created or not.

true

The name to use for the IAM role for replication access to this bucket. When null, a generic name using the bucket name will be used. Only used if create_replication_iam_role_to_bucket is true.

null
enable_ssebooloptional

Set to true to enable server-side encryption for this bucket. You can control the algorithm using sse_algorithm.

true
enable_versioningbooloptional

Set to true to enable versioning for this bucket. If enabled, instead of overriding objects, the S3 bucket will always create a new version of each object, so all the old values are retained.

true
force_destroybooloptional

If set to true, when you run 'terraform destroy', delete all objects from the bucket so that the bucket can be destroyed without error. Warning: these objects are not recoverable so only use this if you're absolutely sure you want to permanently delete everything!

false

The ARN of the policy that is used to set the permissions boundary for the IAM role

null
kms_key_arnstringoptional

Optional KMS key to use for encrypting data in the S3 bucket. If null, data in S3 will be encrypted using the default aws/s3 key. If provided, the key policy of the provided key must allow whoever is writing to this bucket to use that key.

null
lifecycle_rulesanyoptional

The lifecycle rules for this S3 bucket. These can be used to change storage types or delete objects based on customizable rules. This should be a map, where each key is a unique ID for the lifecycle rule, and each value is an object that contains the parameters defined in the comment above.

Any types represent complex values of variable type. For details, please consult `variables.tf` in the source repo.
{}
Details

Ideally, this would be a map(object({...})), but the Terraform object type constraint doesn't support optional
parameters, whereas lifecycle rules have many optional params. And we can't even use map(any), as the Terraform
map type constraint requires all values to have the same type ("shape"), but as each object in the map may specify
different optional params, this won't work either. So, sadly, we are forced to fall back to "any."

mfa_deletebooloptional

Enable MFA delete for either 'Change the versioning state of your bucket' or 'Permanently delete an object version'. This cannot be used to toggle this setting but is available to allow managed buckets to reflect the state in AWS. Only used if enable_versioning is true. CIS v1.4 requires this variable to be true. If you do not wish to be CIS-compliant, you can set it to false.

false
object_lock_daysnumberoptional

The number of days that you want to specify for the default retention period for Object Locking. Only one of object_lock_days or object_lock_years can be configured. Only used if object_lock_enabled and object_lock_default_retention_enabled are true.

null

Set to true to configure a default retention period for object locks when Object Locking is enabled. When disabled, objects will not be protected with locking by default unless explicitly configured at object creation time. Only used if object_lock_enabled is true.

true

Set to true to enable Object Locking. This prevents objects from being deleted for a customizable period of time. Note that this MUST be configured at bucket creation time - you cannot update an existing bucket to enable object locking unless you go through AWS support. Additionally, this is not reversible - once a bucket is created with object lock enabled, you cannot disable object locking even with this setting. Note that enabling object locking will automatically enable bucket versioning.

false
object_lock_modestringoptional

The default Object Lock retention mode you want to apply to new objects placed in this bucket. Valid values are GOVERNANCE and COMPLIANCE. Only used if object_lock_enabled and object_lock_default_retention_enabled are true.

null
object_lock_yearsnumberoptional

The number of years that you want to specify for the default retention period for Object Locking. Only one of object_lock_days or object_lock_years can be configured. Only used if object_lock_enabled and object_lock_default_retention_enabled are true.

null

Set to true to enable replication for this bucket. You can set the role to use for replication using the replication_role parameter and the rules for replication using the replication_rules parameter.

false
replication_rolestringoptional

The ARN of the IAM role for Amazon S3 to assume when replicating objects. Only used if replication_enabled is set to true.

null

The rules for managing replication. Only used if replication_enabled is set to true. This should be a map, where the key is a unique ID for each replication rule and the value is an object of the form explained in a comment above.

Any types represent complex values of variable type. For details, please consult `variables.tf` in the source repo.
{}
Example
   {
ExampleConfig = {
prefix = "config/"
status = "Enabled"
destination_bucket = "arn:aws:s3:::my-destination-bucket"
destination_storage_class = "STANDARD"
}
}

Details

Ideally, this would be a list(object({...})), but the Terraform object type constraint doesn't support optional
parameters, whereas replication rules have many optional params. And we can't even use list(any), as the Terraform
list type constraint requires all values to have the same type ("shape"), but as each object in the list may specify
different optional params, this won't work either. So, sadly, we are forced to fall back to "any."

replication_source_bucketslist(string)optional

List of buckets that should be allowed to replicate to this bucket. Only used if create_replication_iam_role_to_bucket is true.

[]
request_payerstringoptional

Specifies who should bear the cost of Amazon S3 data transfer. Can be either BucketOwner or Requester. By default, the owner of the S3 bucket would incur the costs of any data transfer.

null
sse_algorithmstringoptional

The server-side encryption algorithm to use. Valid values are AES256 and aws:kms. To disable server-side encryption, set enable_sse to false.

"aws:kms"
tagsmap(string)optional

A map of tags to apply to the S3 Bucket. The key is the tag name and the value is the tag value.

{}

When true, all IAM policies will be managed as dedicated policies rather than inline policies attached to the IAM roles. Dedicated managed policies are friendlier to automated policy checkers, which may scan a single resource for findings. As such, it is important to avoid inline policies when targeting compliance with various security standards.

true