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Terraform Utility Modules 0.9.6Last updated in version 0.9.6

Prepare PEX Environment Module

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NOTE: This module should not be used directly. Use run-pex-as-data-source or run-pex-as-resource instead.

This module can be used to prepare an runtime environment that can call out to a PEX binary. Specifically, this module:

  • Selects the right PEX binary to use based on the installed python version.
  • Sets up a platform portable PYTHONPATH environment variable for the PEX, as well as the module.
  • Provides an entrypoint script that will parse args in a platform portable manner.

This module uses Python under the hood so, the Python must be installed on the OS.

What is PEX?

PEX (or Python EXecutable) is an executable python environment in the spirit of virtualenvs. It is generated using the pex library, and is an executable zip file containing:

  • An bootstrap script in python that unpacks the requirements and includes them in the PYTHONPATH (sys.path).
  • Dependencies packaged as wheels for each platform and python version the executable is intended to support.
  • (Optionally) An entrypoint script to run in the context of the unpacked environment.

This provides a convenient way to package python dependencies in a portable manner, allowing execution of the script without the end user having to install all the necessary dependencies.

How to construct a PEX binary

The PEX binary is generated using the pex tool. To package your script as a PEX for compatibility with this module, you need the following:

  • Python requirements defined as a requirements.txt file using the Pip requirements file syntax.
  • An entrypoint script that should be run in the context of the environment. This should provide the actual logic you wish to provide in terraform (a terraform local-exec provisioner or data source script)

Then, you call out to pex and provide the platform and python versions you wish to support:

pex --python-shebang='/usr/bin/env python' \
-r requirements.txt \
--python=python2.7 \
--platform macosx_10.12-x86_64 \
--platform macosx_10.13-x86_64 \
--platform macosx_10.14-x86_64 \
--platform linux-x86_64 \
--platform linux-x86_64-cp-27-mu \
--platform win32 \
--platform win_amd64 \
--disable-cache \
-o ../bin/sample_python_script_py27_env.pex

This will search pypi for the python packages defined in requirements.txt that support the specified platform and python versions, download the wheel/package, inject the bootstrap script and produce an executable zip file.

See the pex/sample-python-script example for an example implementation that you can use as a template.

Known limitations of PEX

  • For compiled dependencies, PEX relies on pre-built wheel packages to avoid cross compilation. What this means is that the chosen pypi needs to hold a wheel for each compatible platform. For example, compare the available package files for ruamel.yaml with pyyaml. In ruamel.yaml, there is a wheel for each permutation of major platform and major python versions supported. However, for pyyaml, there is only wheels provided for Windows. This means that you need to setup a cross compiler for each compatible platform you wish to support.

    • To avoid this, prefer packages that only rely on python code, or that have prebuilt wheels for the platforms you wish to support.
  • When building a PEX for both python2 with python3, be aware that python2 packages tend to rely on backports of stdlib enhancements (e.g the futures package). These backports cannot be installed in a python3 environment, which creates complications in the PEX binary. Specifically, it will attempt to lookup a dependency that doesn't exist in the packaged zip.

    • You can mitigate this using environment markers. However, for the most robust solution, generate separate PEX binaries for python2 and python3.
  • The PEX binary is directly executable in Unix environments (Linux or Mac OS X). However, for all environments, it can be run using python (e.g python my.pex).

  • There is a known limitation in Windows environments with python 2 that prevents the usage of pex in directories with a long path name. The pex pathing for imports does not seem to support long path names on Windows, hitting the 255 character limitation of path names.

Sample Usage

# ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

module "prepare_pex_environment" {

source = ""

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Parts of the path (folders and file names) to the python package directory
# housing the pex file.
pex_module_path_parts = <list(string)>

# Parts of the path (folders and files names) to the PEX executable for python
# as a list of strings.
python_pex_path_parts = <list(string)>





Parts of the path (folders and file names) to the python package directory housing the pex file.


Parts of the path (folders and files names) to the PEX executable for python as a list of strings.